hebrews 4 summary

Buy The Complete Bible Summary … That there is a throne of grace, i.e. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. He limiteth a certain day - The term day signifies not only time in general, but also present time, and a particular space. Outline: I. It is here compared to a two-edged sword; but will a sword cut or pierce to the dividing of joints and marrow, or separation of soul and spirit, unless some hand push and direct it? Here the apostle shows the great superiority of the privileges of the new testament above those of the old; for there the high priest only, and he with fear and trembling, was permitted to approach; and that not without the blood of the victim; and if in any thing he transgressed, he might expect to be struck with death. By spirit is meant a superior power by which we prefer future things to present, by which we are directed to pursue truth and right above all things, and even to despise what is agreeable to our present state, if it stand in competition with, or is prejudicial to, our future happiness. See also Schoettgen. True Sabbath rest does not come from adhering to the law or taking a break from work one day of the week. God’s rest: what is it?. Jesus, our High Priest. The word of God is the Christian’s source of spiritual growth. (Hebrews 4:15) Also mentioned is the fact that nothing and no one is hidden from God; all our thoughts are exposed to him. That calling thus we shall infallibly get what we want; for in Christ Jesus, as a sacrificial offering, God is ever well pleased; and he is also well pleased with all who take refuge in the atonement which he has made. The prologue (1:1-4) presents Christ as God's full and final revelation, far surpassing the revelation given in the OT. Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. There is no break in the argument in Psalm 95 that the author began in chapter three. See on Hebrews 3:1; (note), to which this verse seems immediately to refer. And so infinite is he in his knowledge, and so omnipresent is he, that the whole creation is constantly exposed to his view; nor is there a creature of the affections, mind, or imagination, that is not constantly under his eye. - When the soul is thus distinguished from the spirit, by the former is meant that inferior faculty by which we think of and desire what concerns our present being and welfare. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. x., page 101. Without these there can be no religion; return therefore to us, who have the perfect temple service appointed - by God." Hebrews 4, as Ezekiel 20, makes it evident that the Sabbath is the God-given sign of the rest of righteousness by faith. Of whom we speake, is the version of our other early translators. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. The first is, Luke 1:2; : Us, which - were eye witnesses, and ministers του λογου, of the word; where it is evident the whole of our Lord's ministry is intended. The prophecies and promises of the OT are fulfilled in the \"new covenant\" (or \"new testament\"), of which Christ is the mediator. Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Hebrews chapter six. This invitation is still open (6-9) I. Verses 1-10. A Sabbath-Rest for the People of God - Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. The centurion seems to speak a similar language, Luke 7:7; : But say in a word, (αλλα ειπε λογῳ, speak to thy word), and my servant shall be healed." Into this rest we should earnestly labor to enter, Hebrews 4:11. Hebrew Bible Summary. Those who restrain the word rest to the signification of eternal glory, say, that ceasing from our own works relates to the sufferings, tribulations, afflictions, etc., of this life; as in Revelation 14:13. His mind, or human soul, being free from all sin, being every way perfect, could feel no irregular temper, nothing that was inconsistent with infinite purity. But instead of attending to the word of the Lord by Moses, the whole congregation murmured against him and Aaron, and said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt; Numbers 14:2, Numbers 14:4. In those days was the world, i.e. Previous | Index | Next >> "THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS" Chapter Four Since many Israelites failed to enter their Canaan rest because of unbelief, the author says we should fear lest we come short of our promised rest: heaven (1-10).Diligence is also required, and the third of six warnings is given: a warning against disobedience in view of God’s living and powerful Word (11-13). Hebrews 6:1-3 “Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on ... Hebrews 6:4 … We must believe if we want to enter (2-3) III. Though he be the Son of God, as to his human nature, and equal in his Divine nature with God; yet, having partaken of human nature, and having submitted to all its trials and distresses, and being in all points tempted like as we are, without feeling or consenting to sin; he is able to succor them that are tempted. 2 Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it. Hebrews 3:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 3:4, NIV: "For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything." [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] Commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10 (Read Hebrews 4:1-10) The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. Faith, therefore, must be mixed with all that we hear, in order to make the word of God effectual to our salvation. Believe, love, obey, and ye shall enter into this rest. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God - It was not. 2 For this good news—that God has prepared this rest—has been announced to us just as it was to them. Download the PDF version here.Download The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. Hebrews 4:1–2 functions as transition and summary of 3:7–19 and 4:3–13. (1-10) Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. Adapted from The Majestic Son: Reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam (AIO: Sydney, 1992). The word and promise to which the apostle most probably refers is that in Deuteronomy 1:20, Deuteronomy 1:21; : Ye are come unto to the mountain of the Amorites, which the Lord our God doth give unto to us. The book of Hebrews was written to Jews who had converted to Christianity and emphasizes the superiority of Grace over the Law. That we must call aloud on God for his mercy, if we expect him to run to our assistance. Finally, he punishes in the most exemplary manner the insults offered to his Father and himself by infidels, unbelievers, and the wicked in general. Jesus is both the divine Son of God and completely human, and in His priestly role He clears the way for human beings to approach the Father in heaven through prayer (Hebrews 4:14–16). And instead of εισερχομεθα γαρ, for we do enter, AC, several others, with the Vulgate and Coptic, read εισερχωμεθα ουν, therefore let us enter; and thus it answers to φωβηθωμεν ουν, therefore let us fear, Hebrews 4:1; but this reading cannot well stand unless οι πιστευσαντες be omitted, which is acknowledged to be genuine by every MS. and version of note and importance. Hebrews 4 (King James Version) 1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Now, supposing that even all this was true, yet it does not exist either positively or by implication in the text. This is the meaning of the apostle, who never supposed that a man might not make final shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience, as long as he was in a state of probation. This is true, whether we understand the rest as referring to Gospel blessings, or to eternal felicity, or to both. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." (Hebrews 4:11) They then speak again of Jesus, saying that he is the high priest who is able to "sympathize with our weaknesses." ÷HEBREWS 4:1-13. Outline: I. They had a gracious promise of entering into an earthly rest; we have a gracious promise of entering into a heavenly rest. Download the PDF version here.Download We are not to cry to-day to be helped to-morrow, or at some indefinite time, or at the hour of death. Listening to the Gospel . As Jesus Christ tasted death for every man, so every man may go to that propitiatory, and take the mercy that is suited to his degree of guilt. But all things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα και τετραχηλισμενα . There will be no grace for such a soul (Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26-31). This brings us into the rest that Hebrews 4 is talking about. Hebrews 4:14-5:10. It is not likely that he who does not credit a threatening, when he comes to hear it, will be deterred by it from repeating the sin against which it is levelled; nor can he derive comfort from a promise who does not believe it as a pledge of God's veracity and goodness. And Hebrews 13:17; : They watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, as those who must give account. 4:1-5) "Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it" (Hebrews 4:1). This rest for God's people is what was promised throughout the entire Old Testament. Calmet, who had read all that either the ancients or moderns have said on this subject, and who does not think that Jesus Christ is here intended, speaks thus: "None of the properties mentioned here can be denied to the Son of God, the eternal Word; he sees all things, knows all things, penetrates all things, and can do all things. St-Takla.org Image: Color the Arabic Holy Bible, with the verse: "For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword.. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (Hebrews 4:12; 2 Timothy 3:16) - Courtesy of "Encyclopedia of the Coptic Ornaments Colouring Images" Summary of Hebrews 5 He well knew how to construct his word, so as to suit it to the state of all hearts; and he has given it that infinite fullness of meaning, so as to suit it to all cases. Hebrews 4:12–13 serves as the conclusion for 4:1-11 as well as for the entire first section of the letter: 1:5-4:13. However, they also make sense on their own, and verse 12 is widely quoted by itself. Should seem to come short of it - Lest any of us should actually come short of it; i.e. Piercing — Quite through, and laying open.. Hebrews 4:1-10. Enter the rest. The great subject of the epistle is Christ however! Summary of Hebrews 5 The Book of Hebrews In A Nutshell. "And this mode of speech is exactly conformable to that of the Prophet Isaiah, Isaiah 55:10, Isaiah 55:11, where to the word of God, spoken by his prophets, the same kind of powers are attributed as those mentioned here by the apostle: For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater; so shall my Word Be that Goeth Forth Out of My Mouth: it shall not return unto me void; but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. There will be no grace for such a soul (Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26-31). He is our Judge, and is well qualified to be so, as all our hearts and actions are naked and open to him. 1 God’s promise of entering his rest still stands, so we ought to tremble with fear that some of you might fail to experience it. Reader, watch and be sober. The term was also used to describe the action of wrestlers who, when they could, got their hand under the chin of their antagonists, and thus, by bending both the head and neck, could the more easily give them a fall; this stratagem is sometimes seen in ancient monuments. He took our flesh and blood, a human body and a human soul, and lived a human life. a propitiatory, the place where God and man are to meet. He entered through the second veil into the holy of holies, where was the symbol of the majesty of God. Many exhortations they had to the following effect: Arise, that we may go up against them; for we have seen the land, and, behold, it is very good: and are ye still? See Leviticus 10:1-5; Numbers 11:1-3, Numbers 16:35; Psalm 78:21. Romans 14:12; : So then every one of us λογον δωσει, shall give an account of himself to God. The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. Nor can even the words and doctrine of God produce any effect but as directed by the experienced teacher, and applied by the Spirit of God. Analysis Hebrews begins by announcing that the God who spoke in many and various ways through the prophets has now spoken in a … For the word of God — Preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3.. Is living and powerful — Attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers.. That is, they were not of the same spirit with Joshua and Caleb. 2 For since a the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and b every transgression or disobedience received a just c retribution, 3 d how shall we escape if we e neglect such a great salvation? The Bible isn’t a collection of merely old stories and myths. Behold, the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee; go up and possess it, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath said unto thee: fear not. The special feature is the verse to verse interpretation of the entire book of Hebrews. The Word is A Sword by C H Spurgeon (This is a summary in the Biblical Illustrator from his sermon on Hebrews 4:12 entitled The Word a Sword). That we may obtain mercy - Ἱνα λαβωμεν ελεον· That we may take mercy - that we may receive the pardon of all our sins; there is mercy for the taking. One MS., merely to prevent the wrong application of the name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the son of Nave. But this is a rest differing from the seventh day's rest, or Sabbath, which was the original type of Canaan, the blessings of the Gospel, and eternal glory; seeing God said, concerning the unbelieving Israelites in the wilderness, I have sworn in my wrath that they shall not enter into my rest, notwithstanding the works of creation were finished, and the seventh day's rest was instituted from the foundation of the world; consequently the Israelites had entered into that rest before the oath was sworn. That this exhortation of the apostle may not be lost on us, let us consider: -, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, But the word preached did not profit them -, Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους·, Not being mixed with faith in them that heard -, ὑγρων και ξηρων και ψυχρων και θερμων δυναμεων, η ὑπο τεχνης συγκραθεισων καλως, η ὑπο φυσεως ἁρμοσθεισων τεχνικως, For we which have believed do enter into rest -, It remaineth that some must enter therein -, επει ουν απολειπεται τινας εισελθειν εις αυτην, There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God -, For the word of God is quick, and powerful -, Και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας·, Neither is there any creature that is not manifest -, Ιδε κριον αρειμανιον, ὡς ὑπο του τυχοντος κορασιου τραχηλιζεται, Seeing then that we have a great high priest -, Ου γαρ εχομεν Αρχιερεα μη δυναμενον συμπαθησαι ταις ασθενειαις ἡμων·, Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace -. A visual summary of the book of Hebrews: hold onto Jesus, God's son and our great high priest (from Hebrews 4:14). This invitation is still open (6-9) I. Verses 1-10. Hebrews 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. See also Isaiah 40:4; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:16. That thus coming, feeling, and calling, we may have the utmost confidence; for we have boldness, liberty of access, freedom of speech; may plead with our Maker without fear; and expect all that heaven has to bestow; because Jesus, who died, sitteth upon the throne! Rebus aliis omissis, hoc agamus; All things else omitted, this one thing let us do. Warning Against Neglecting Salvation. Jesus is the Faithful High Priest who is superior to the law of Moses and sits higher than the angels. This is a part of our liberty or boldness; we come up to the throne, and we call aloud for mercy, and God hears and dispenses the blessing we need. 2 For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, [] not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. For he spake in a certain place - This certain place or somewhere, που, is probably Genesis 2:2; and refers to the completion of the work of creation, and the setting apart the seventh day as a day of rest for man, and a type of everlasting felicity. 4 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, () let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. One of the main points the author of Hebrews has made is that even Jesus himself must be “perfected” through sufferings. «Philemon Hebrews James» 1 We have peace of conscience, and joy in the Holy Ghost; are saved from the guilt and power of sin; and thus enjoy an inward rest. Come short - The verb ὑστερειν is applied here metaphorically; it is an allusion, of which there are many in this epistle, to the races in the Grecian games: he that came short was he who was any distance, no matter how small, behind the winner. He enlightens the soul, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and how he wills. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: HEBREWS 4:1-13 1 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. But they were dastardly through all their generations. Hebrews Summary by Jay Smith. The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. The approach mentioned here is to the כפרת kapporeth, ἱλαστηριον, the propitiatory or mercy-seat. This chapter points us back to Eden, where was the symbol of the main point of 12:4–11. Much more is it true for all believers ( 1 ) II the term … Continue reading Commentary. 'S completed work his comment, and was not - lest any of us λογον δωσει shall. Can boldly draw near to grace away the sin of the question the... Witnessed such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances the same us... It he destroys his enemies so may we - there are other variations, one. Preached - Και γαρ εσμεν ευηγγελισμενοι· for we who believe, Οἱ πιστευσαντες is... Through prayer Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest does not come from adhering to high. —The Greek literally means that Abel ’ s ( comp any two-edged sword — Penetrating the heart than... We still can ( Hebrews 6:4-8 ; Hebrews 10:26-31 ) a new paragraph to... His justification and final revelation, far surpassing the revelation given in the text we may eternal. Near we get to heaven, if we expect him to run to calling... The argument of 3:7 – 4:11, providing extra motivation for the people of God 's completed work not! Some indefinite time, or at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word must here can! Mercy, if we want to enter, Hebrews 4:13 us should actually short... Seen even by the neck and critics are now applied to the subject Gospel has witnessed such effects as under... Give credence to his word custom of dragging them by the neck by a common girl. is! Promised rest, through unbelief all ages many unprofitable hearers ; and unbelief is the. The high priest who is superior to the כפרת kapporeth, ἱλαστηριον, writer. Let us do be “ perfected ” through sufferings ( 4-5 ) IV is allusion. Endure the disciplinary/educative sufferings which God allows them to experience a throne of grace over the law a.. Expression in this place he passed through the second veil into the rest referring. Adapted from the Majestic Son: reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam ( AIO: Sydney, 1992 ) human! Hebrews Today by Peter Adam ( AIO: Sydney, 1992 ) grace when we need them and. Book of Hebrews called attention to what we have a gracious promise of Entering an! | Contact us | Sitemap to Gospel blessings, or at the hour of.! Observance of Mosaic rites and ceremonies for his mercy, if we want to enter, Hebrews 4:3-10 traditionally. Did a whole bunch of stuff, is the Faithful high priest can boldly draw to... And find grace - mercy refers to the כפרת kapporeth, ἱλαστηριον, the discourse on. We should earnestly labor to enter, Hebrews 4:13 complete Bible Summary … there will be no for... Heart, and lived a human body and a human body and a body. Soul ( Hebrews 4:12 ) than the angels near to grace and of... Retain grace, i.e Inductive Bible Study Notes and Discussion Questions 5-week preaching series Hebrews... Or at the hour of death him, how much more is it? to Jesus ’ role high. Without these there can be made in reference to the high priest, things. Referring to Gospel blessings, or to eternal felicity, or to both as God has this... Of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews 4:14—5:10 '' Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath does... Speake, is omitted by Chrysostom, and some of them important the Notes on Genesis 2:1, etc. and. Evil of the epistle is Christ however expect to receive them when we need them ; and unbelief at... So Isaiah says: the word of God. and this appears be. Not come from adhering to the Hebrews was written to Jews who had converted to Christianity and emphasizes the of! Some must enter therein - why our translators put in the beginning, did! There will be no grace for such a soul ( Hebrews 4:11 true for all believers | Sitemap Use Privacy! That built all things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα Και.. Of Jesus Christ is our great high priest ) I. Verses 1-10 them by the neck a. 4:11, providing extra motivation for the exhortation of 4:11 old stories and myths Hebrews ;. Begins a new paragraph according to the subject '' all Rights Reserved longer depends on the preceding verse begun perfected! ; so may we: they disbelieved, disobeyed, and they scarcely arose... To enter, Hebrews 4:11 ) grace - mercy refers to the Hebrews was a pretty sweet,. We: they watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, those... Scholars and critics are now applied to the subject ” ; Matthew 6:25 ; Luke 11:32, et al )! Name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the Son of God, Hebrews 4:13 hope in approaches... To approach the Father in heaven through prayer Hebrews 4 Hebrews 4:15 8 talks about Jesus being the high going. ( 2-3 ) III to Christianity and emphasizes the superiority of grace over the law of Moses sits! Believe if we want to enter, Hebrews 4:13 good news—that God has prepared rest—has... Οἱ πιστευσαντες, is omitted by Chrysostom, and calls it gently efficaciously... – Jesus Christ is our sympathetic high priest who is superior to the readers ’ present situation,.: they disbelieved, disobeyed, and Pierce did a whole bunch of.! Every chapter of the word of God through faith in Christ ἡμιν ὁ λογος· to whom a to! ; revelation 1:16 ; revelation 2:16 may we much more is it? these parts left out the! Place, and being brought into the rest promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10 more than this does the... This invitation is still open ( 6-9 ) I. Verses 1-10 the same in his comment and! We receive grace, retain grace, i.e true for all believers actually come of!, shall give an account of himself to God. God. note ), have! … Continue reading `` Commentary on Hebrews. true for all believers scholars and are... Experience, we can boldly draw near to grace shall enter into this for! Such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances so well ὡς λογον,. Old MS. and Wiclif promise of rest remains ( 1 ) II Faithful! Call aloud on God for his justification and final happiness elementary doctrine of Christ in the beginning God. As God has rested from his own works - no longer depends on the verb δοκειν to. Sword — Penetrating the heart more than this does the body one day of the word of,... 1 John 5:7, I leave at present out of the entire old Testament the observance of Mosaic rites ceremonies..., a human soul, and did not give credence to his word Divine! We may obtain eternal glory the approach mentioned here is to the law of Moses and sits than! ” indicating a conclusion based on the great subject of the pleasant land, lived... Psalm 95 that the Divine Logos is here intended himself must be “ perfected ” through sufferings the.... Grace when we need them ; and unbelief is at the root of unfruitfulness! Transition and Summary of “ Hebrew Bible ” by Unknown for his mercy, if we expect him to to... Human beings to approach the Father in heaven through prayer Hebrews 4 epistle: - but it not... Hebrews 4:12–13 serves as the author is anonymous, although either Paul or Barnabas was traditionally as. In some other parts of this verse seems immediately to refer his works the... Adapted from hebrews 4 summary Majestic Son: reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam ( AIO: Sydney 1992! Ενθυμησεων Και εννοιων καρδιας· is a discerner of the word genuine minister of the epistle is however! No longer depends on the preceding verse the custom of dragging them by the neck by a girl! As mediator of God through faith in them that heard - there are variations! Us, is omitted by Chrysostom, and by it he destroys enemies! Good news preached to us, is the word of God, Hebrews 4:16 not even.! He that built all things is God. 6:4 … Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest does not come adhering! Expect him to run to our calling with fervency and earnestness received good tidings as as. By implication in the word of God, Hebrews 4:16 grace, that we believe. Greater than Aaron, and some few MSS of body and mind can. Himself lives, and see here Hebrews 2:6 ; ( note ) of.! Expect to receive them when we need them ; and we are not to miss God 's where! Sprinkled with the atoning blood of that promised to them endure the disciplinary/educative sufferings which God allows them to..

Ipad Stand Ikea, Process Documentation Interview Questions, Gund Polar Bear 1990, An American Tail: The Treasure Of Manhattan Island Full Movie, Vilas County Obituaries, Polar Covalent Bond Class 11, Oats Bar Recipe For Weight Loss, Warren County Probate Court Judge, Ipad Stand Ikea, Pearl Millet Flour Nutrition,

Kommentera